Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC): Cases and investigations
Unexpected HIV infections in children, 1985: A 1985 study at Mama Yemo Hospital in Kinshasa tested inpatient and outpatient children aged 1-24 months and their mothers. The study found 44 HIV-positive children, of which 17 (39%) had HIV-negative mothers (16 inpatient children and one outpatient child). A comparison of the 16 inpatient children with unexpected HIV infections vs. 222 HIV-negative inpatient children found that children with unexpected HIV were more likely to have received blood transfusions (31% vs. 7%) and to have been previously hospitalized (50% vs 13%) and had received more injections (lifetime average of 4.2 per month vs. 2.0 per month). Source: Mann JM, Francis H, Davachi F, et al. Risk factors for immunodeficiency virus seropositivity among children 1-24 months old in Kinshasha, Zaire. Lancet 1986, ii: 654-657. Available at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140673686901674 (accessed 14 OCtober 2018).
Unexpected HIV infections in adults: